Manigua Project. The Amazon University. Gernika Gogoratuz

Manigua Project. The Amazon University. Gernika Gogoratuz

This research project is one of the results of the Manigua Programme for the Promotion and Dissemination of Human Rights and Conflict Management developed in the department of Caquetá, in the Colombian Amazon. Manigua is a programme coordinated by the Amazon Socio-Political Observatory, a body of the Amazon University, in consortium with the Gernika Gogoratuz association of the Basque Country, and with the financial support of the Basque Government Development Cooperation Fund (FOCAD) .

Local research team
International advisors

1 Introduction
The object of the study definition
Objectives and hypotheses
Methodological design

2 Conceptual framework
Sex-gender system

Gender analysis framework
Negotiation processes in the private sphere
Levels of empowerment

Women and social and armed conflict

Participation in peace processes

3 Case study. Department of Caquetá

Historical and legal context

Review of gender roles in the different stages of colonisation.

The time of the caucherías
1930s: the consequences of the Colombian-Peruvian conflict
The 1950s: “la violencia” and the emergence of the guerrillas
The 1970s: the coca boom
The 1990s: the return of colonisation

Legal framework of women’s situation in Colombia

Negotiation capacity and women’s empowerment in Caquetá

Negotiation capacity

Economic level
Level of mobility
Political level
Sexual level


Local Research Team:

Baron, Marvel: Cormujer
Calderón, Ángela Patricia: Cormujer
Gasca, Milena: Law student, Universidad de la Amazonía
Pabón, Martha: Cormujer
Quiñones, Mireya: Gogoratuces Caqueteños
Ramírez, Roberto: Lecturer, University of the Amazon.

International Consultancy:

Alberdi, Jokin: Lecturer UPV/EHU and Researcher at Gernika Gogoratuz
Mendia, Irantzu: Researcher at Hegoa-UPV/EHU

Florencia/ Colombia – June 2006


June 2006